Electrolytes Abnormalities

— McKinney, Texas —

Electrolytes play a key role in your body's functioning. Sometimes, however, you may experience electrolyte abnormalities.

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What Are Electrolytes Abnormalities?

The kidneys play a central role in keeping a balance of the fluids and electrolytes in the body. They filter the electrolytes from the blood and excrete excess electrolytes into the urine. When there are abnormalities in the electrolytes, it may suggest that the kidneys are not functioning properly. Electrolytes are critical for the transmission of nerve and muscle impulses throughout the body.

What Are Symptoms of Electrolytes Abnormalities?

There are five primary electrolytes that the kidneys keep in balance with other fluids in the system. The electrolytes potassium, sodium, magnesium, phosphorus, and calcium are essential to not only kidney function, but the function of the human body as a whole. Symptoms of electrolyte abnormalities vary according to the electrolyte involved.

When potassium levels are too high, it can lead to a condition known as hyperkalemia. Symptoms of hyperkalemia include:

  • Abdominal cramping
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle weakness
  • Paralysis
  • Cardiac arrest

Sodium is crucial for the maintenance of fluid and acid-base balance and for neuromuscular function. When the kidneys fail, your body retains water and may dilute the sodium in your body leading to a condition called hyponatremia. Symptoms of hyponatremia include:

  • Disorientation
  • Imbalance and frequent falls
  • Headache and confusion
  • Seizures and coma

An increase or decrease in magnesium levels can be detrimental to your body, which is known as hypermagnesemia or hypomagnesemia. Symptoms may include:

  • Hypotension
  • Reduced heart rate
  • Tremors and weakness
  • Seizures
  • Cardiac arrest

There is a close relationship between phosphorus and calcium levels in the blood, and the levels of both are affected when the kidneys fail. Phosphorus retention is known as hyperphosphatemia and may increase the risk of cardiovascular events as it deposits in the blood vessels. Low calcium levels are known as hypocalcemia. Symptoms may include:

  • Muscle spasms
  • Seizures
  • Arrhythmias
  • Bone demineralization
  • Cardiac failure

What Are Some Electrolytes Abnormalities Treatment?

Electrolytes abnormalities treatment can vary by the severity of the imbalance. When you are ready for electrolytes abnormalities treatment, you will be asked to make dietary changes and possibly stop some of your medications. You may need more intensive treatment known as electrolyte replacement therapy.

Electrolytes replacement therapy for people in renal failure on dialysis is usually conducted through hemodialysis, although it is occasionally administered through IV fluids.

Electrolytes Abnormalities Near Me in McKinney, Texas

When you are in McKinney, Texas, and you need to treat your electrolytes abnormalities near me, the kidney experts at Texas Advanced Renal Health are standing by to help. We are known for leading the way in kidney health excellence. Contact us today to make an appointment to address your electrolytes abnormalities near me.

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